Vulnerable workers in the shadow economy: is there an app for that?

Non-standard or contingent forms of work are a growing feature of OECD economies. Katz and Krueger (2016), for instance, find that non-standard work arrangements (temporary help agency workers, on-call workers, contract company workers, and independent contractors or freelancers) accounted for all net employment growth in the U.S. economy between 2005 and 2015. Across the OECD, non-standard work now makes up a third of total employment.

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How progressive is a basic income? left and labour perspectives

There’s been an enormous amount of recent interest in an old policy idea: a basic income guarantee (BIG), also known as a guaranteed annual income (GAI), guaranteed minimum income (GMI), citizens income, negative income tax (NIT), etc.

The discussion below focuses on these proposals from a progressive labour perspective. It reviews positions Canadian unions have taken in the past, highlights concerns that have been raised and considers the conditions under which these proposals should be supported in relation to progressive labour priorities.

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Canada still in the dark on the gender pay gap

According to the IMF, inequality between men and women is an important facet of income inequality, in both high-income and low-income countries. As in other part of the world, women in Canada persistently receive lower wages and annual earnings than men. Despite evidence of slow progress toward pay equity, Canada’s gender wage gap remains larger than the OECD average, and slightly wider than the gap in the US; women’s full-time median wages are just over 80% of those of men.

In a country like Canada, ending the chronic gender earnings gap calls for a comprehensive set of interconnected and reinforcing measures, including breaking down employment barriers, providing high-quality affordable childcare, expanding and enforcing pay equity laws, and broadening access to collective bargaining. But one simple first step governments can take is requiring employers to publicly disclose the gender pay gap. [Read more…]

Low Education Levels and Income Significant to Increased Likelihood of Pre-mature Avoidable Deaths of Indigenous Peoples

Disparities in avoidable mortality of Indigenous Peoples compared to non-Indigenous population were associated with inequalities in education and income.

Indigenous men are 2.0 times as likely to die from avoidable causes, and Indigenous women 2.5 times more likely, compared to non-Indigenous Canadians, according to a Statistics Canada study of adults 25 years and over. The youngest age group of Indigenous Peoples in the study, those aged 25 to 34, had the highest risk of dying from avoidable causes. [Read more…]

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